||Sicily is conquered by Garibaldi and becomes
part of the new nation of Italy.
||Publication in Sicilian capital Palermo of the first ever
study of the mafia, which is yet to acquire its name. The
author of the study – who has inside knowledge -- refers
to it as the ‘Sect’.
||First recorded reference to ‘the so-called Maffia
or criminal association’.
The first detailed testimony is left by one of the mafia’s
victims: ‘In the mafia’s language, a thief
and a murderer is a “man of honour”; a victim
is an “abject spy”.’ Antonino Giammona
is the first man to be named as mafia boss.
First reported instance of the mafia’s secret initiation
Former Chief Prosecutor in Palermo denounces Italian government
collusion with mafia in Parliament.
||Government inquiry buries sensitive information on mafia.
||Discovery of the mafia association known as the Brotherhood
||The Chief of Police of Palermo compiles a report detailing
the entire structure of the mafia in the Palermo area, its
rules and rituals, business methods, political contacts, killing
methods. In 1901 the report is buried.
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||In New York the ‘body in the barrel murder’
reveals that the mafia has set down roots in the United States.
Suspect ‘Piddu’ Morello later named as the first
boss of the whole American mafia.
||Corrupt politician don Raffaele Palizzolo is acquitted of
the most famous mafia murder of the era after a witness is
found hanging in his Florence hotel.
||New York Police Lieutenant Joe Petrosino is murdered in
the centre of Palermo.
||The mayor of Corleone and hero of the struggle against the
mafia is brutally murdered. In a posthumous secret testimony
he reveals how, in 1893, he was initiated into ‘the
||Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini launches his war on Sicilian
organized crime with the siege of Gangi. He soon – too
soon -- declares victory.
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||The murder of Salvatore Maranzano in New York brings to
an end the Castellammarese war and sees Lucky Luciano take
over the American mafia.
||The mafia returns to action in Sicily following the Allied
||The Greco war in Ciaculli, east of Palermo, settles the
future of Sicily’s greatest mafia dynasty.
||The Cardinal Archbishop of Palermo declares that the mafia
is nothing but a Communist invention.
||Brooklyn boss Joe ‘Bananas’ Bonanno visits Palermo
and triggers the foundation of the Sicilian mafia’s
||‘Pushy Corleonese embezzler’ Vito Ciancimino
directs the mafia-backed building boom known as the ‘sack
||A devastating car bomb in Ciaculli brings the First Mafia
War to an end. The Palermo mafia temporarily disbands itself.
||The mafia announces its return to action with the viale
||Cosa Nostra is invited to take part in a military coup in
||Mafioso Leonardo Vitale, in the throes of a profound spiritual
crisis, smears himself in excrement and reveals Cosa Nostra’s
secrets. He is dismissed as insane.
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||The mafia reaches the peak of its domination of the North
American heroin business.
||Beginning of the Second Mafia War.
||Legendary man of honour Tommaso Buscetta reveals the existence
of Cosa Nostra to judge Giovanni Falcone.
||Buscetta’s accusations about Cosa Nostra are given
final legal approval. The court decision leads immediately
to the murder of judge Giovanni Falcone, his wife, and three
members of their escort by a huge bomb placed under the motorway
at Capaci near Palermo. It is the final proof of Cosa Nostra’s
||The boss of bosses, ‘Shorty’ Riina is captured.
Cosa Nostra mounts a major terrorist bombing campaign on the
Italian mainland in response.
||Bernardo ‘the Tractor’ Provenzano becomes boss
of bosses and adopts a new tactic of ‘submersion’.
||No. 2 in Cosa Nostra turns state’s evidence and says
that the mafia has direct links to the political party of
Prime Minister and media magnate Silvio Berlusconi. (THE ALLEGATIONS
ARE CURRENTLY THE SUBJECT OF A MAJOR TRIAL IN WHICH ONE OF
BERLUSCONI'S CLOSEST COLLABORATORS IS CHARGED WITH WORKING
FOR THE MAFIA. ALL THE CHARGES ARE DENIED.)
||Former Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti is convicted of ordering
the mafia to murder a journalist. (ANDREOTTI HAS APPEALED
TO THE COURT OF CASSATION.)
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